Infertility Factors & Anything You Should Know About It
I. 10-15% of couples suffer from infertility factors, of which 40% are the cause of infertility in women, 40% in men and 20% in both couples.
What are the men’s infertility factors?
There are several factors involved in male infertility that are related to problems with sperm production or transmission. The first test recommended to clients is a semen test. Sperm production may be influenced by hormonal causes, chronic diseases, previous surgery, childhood diseases, and environmental and specific lifestyle factors. There are different treatments for each of these causes separately. Some of the most important infertility factors in men are:
- Blockage of the sperm pathway
- Sexually Transmitted Infections
- Chronic Diseases
- Erectile dysfunction
- Impaired sperm production
- Contact with destructive and harmful substances such as copper, cadmium and mercury, ethylene oxide, vinyl chloride, radioactive materials and radiation
- No testicular descent
- Trauma to the genital area
- Injury due to cancer and its treatments (Radiotherapy and chemotherapy)
- Some medications
- Too much smoking and alcohol
What are infertility factors in women?
There is a long list of these causes, which summarizes as the following:
- Ovulation disorders (polycystic ovary syndrome, strenuous exercise, diabetes, severe weight loss, obesity, stress)
- Obstruction of the fallopian tubes due to pelvic and fallopian tube surgeries, pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis
- Congenital anomalies include disorders of the reproductive system
- Age over 35 (decreased number of ovarian follicles, decreased egg quality, increased risk of disease at older ages, increased risk of miscarriage)
- Disorders of the hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal and thyroid glands
- Premature menopause
Signs of infertility in women
Ovulation disorders in women can be one of the symptoms of infertility factors. Changes in menstruation are associated with infertility problems. Having abnormal menstrual periods such as bleeding more or less than usual, irregular menstruation that causes the interval between days cycles to change each month, not having or stopping menstruation abruptly, or painful menstrual periods such as back pain, genital pain and cramping muscles are a symptom that you should pay attention to if you are planning to become pregnant, and if you have these symptoms, see your doctor sooner to increase your chances of getting pregnant and check for problems.
Some symptoms in women can indicate hormonal changes in her that can lead to fertility problems in women. These symptoms that indicate hormonal changes include the following:
- Skin changes include increased acne and pimples
- Decrease or increase sexual desire
- Excess hair growth on the back of the lips, on the chest and chin
- Hair loss or thinning
- Weight Gain
- Milky discharge from the nipples, unrelated to breastfeeding
- Feeling of pain when having sex
The above are symptoms that occur due to one or more problems in women and can indicate infertility. But infertility may have another because that has no symptoms. An ovulation disorder is a major cause of infertility in women. That is, the egg is not released or cannot be fertilized. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the leading causes of ovulation cessation.
Another common cause of infertility in women is problems with the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Sometimes the fallopian tubes become blocked because of scarring after infection or because of endometriosis. Cervical secretions can also damage or reduce sperm motility, resulting in the inability of sperm to reach the egg and thus fertilize the egg.
Signs of infertility in men
Infertility factors in men may not be very obvious, and they may not realize it until they have tried to conceive. But here are some symptoms that may be associated with infertility factors in men:
- Changes in hair growth
- Decreased libido
- Pain, bulge or swelling of the testicles
- Erection and ejaculation problems
- Small and stiff testicles
These symptoms occur for a variety of reasons. The infertility factors in men is usually associated with sperm problems. Problems such as the absence or low sperm count, inactivity or abnormal sperm shape, or obstruction of the sperm ducts can cause male infertility.
Temporary decrease in sperm production, which may be due to damage to the testicles, for example after prolonged overheating or exposure to chemicals and drugs, which negatively affects sperm production and male fertility. Alcohol can also reduce the number and quality of sperm.
Time to see a doctor
If you are under 35 years old and have been trying to conceive for a year, but have not succeeded, and if you are 35 years old or older and have been trying to conceive for six months but have not succeeded, you should see a doctor. Also, if you or your partner have any symptoms of infertility, it is best to see a doctor before taking action to make sure you and your partner are fertile. Blood tests, urine tests, and imaging may be needed to find the cause and treatment of infertility. Sperm analysis will also be performed to check the quantity and quality of male sperm. Your doctor may refer you to an endocrinologist who specializes in infertility. The specialist will ask you questions about infertility symptoms and medical history.
Treatment Infertility in Iran is done with the best medical facilities and equipment. If you intend to treat infertility, we suggest you use all these services and tests in Iran. Because the costs associated with IVF in Iran will be cheaper for you. CarefulTrip is by your side to travel to Iran without any worries, do your medical follow-up and enjoy visiting the tourist places of this country.
But before going to the doctor, write down the following information and take it with you:
- Medications you take include prescription drugs, vitamins, minerals, supplements, and any other over-the-counter medications.
- The number of times you have sex without using contraception. How long has it been since you started trying to conceive and the date you last had sex?
- Physical changes and other symptoms you have noticed in your body.
- Keep a history of any surgery or treatment you have had in the past, especially genital warts.
- If you have been exposed to various radiation or have a history of chemotherapy.
- Tell your doctor about your smoking and alcohol and drug use.
- Tell your doctor about your history of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Tell your doctor or your family about any genetic disorder or chronic illness, such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
Listen to your body and tell your doctor if you notice any symptoms. Early detection of infertility problems may increase your chances of having a baby. Know that infertility is not considered a disease and there are many treatments today that you can recognize after seeing a doctor and take action to eliminate the cause of infertility.