During infertility treatment in Iran, physicians try various techniques to discover the foundational and underlying problems and cure them. Among these methods, Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy play an essential role as they allow surgeons to inspect diverse factors and examine a number of crucial organs. Both of these methods are performed with surgical equipment with a camera on them called hysteroscope and laparoscope in medical terminology. This article focuses on introducing these treatments, their role in infertility treatment, and a perfect medical center where you can undergo these tactful therapies.
Why Infertility Treatment In Iran?
Between medical centers scattered all over Asia, Iranian clinics and hospitals hold a special place. There are many factors that contributed to this result, leading a large variety of international candidates to visit this country yearly for medical purposes. These visitors tend to undergo various treatments like different types of cosmetic surgeries, infertility treatments, and IVF in Iran. Here are several reasons why they choose this country:
- There are a number of specialty hospitals around the country equipped with modern gears;
- Many surgeons, specialists, and nursing teams with diverse medical backgrounds are in the service;
- Several five-star hotels, fantastic entertainment, and top quality transportation services are available for having a wonderful time;
- Healthcare expenses are affordable and handy in comparison to other medical destinations worldwide.
Hysteroscopy And Laparoscopy For Infertility Treatment
Specialists conduct many medical tests and different examinations to find out more about the underlying cause of infertility so that parents can rely on having their biological children. Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy are two of these procedures that lead to essential findings for curing individuals, so they are respected medically.
It is helpful to know that fertility experts, in the first place, conduct some routine tests, to detect particular signs, or notice specific symptoms; then, they decide whether to suggest Hysteroscopy or Laparoscopy treatment. In the case of infertility treatment, Laparoscopy is used to examine different parts of the pelvis, like the uterus's surface. Hysteroscopy is also performed to explore the interior features, such as the uterus cavity, and to check for any anomalies.
What Is Hysteroscopy?
As mentioned before, Hysteroscopy is a medical method for scanning the interior parts of the uterus and is performed with a unique tool called a Hysteroscope. This instrument is a slim telescope with a camera and a lamp located on top of it. The Hysteroscope is crucial in the process of Hysteroscopy, as it sends pictures to the central recipient where the specialist can examine the situation.
This process starts when the hysteroscope reaches the uterus via the vagina, so any invasive methods like cutting are unnecessary. It is also worth mentioning that while surgeons attempt to examine the internal parts of the uterus, they may tend to perform some treatments simultaneously; these surgical treatments are called operative hysteroscopy in medical terms. Keep in mind that aside from infertility problems, this procedure may be utilized for other conditions like:
- noncancerous growths in the uterus;
- Irregular bleeding of the uterus;
- Infection-related conditions;
- Recurrent miscarriages.
How is hysteroscopy conducted?
The nursing team may utilize local or general anesthesia to avoid discomfort during treatment and minimize the pain. They also use different medicines and tools to induce dilation by stretching the cervical canal and employing the hysteroscope until it reaches the uterus. Diagnostic hysteroscopy starts at this point and leads to finding the root of the problem and curing it.
The rest of the process may go forward differently according to every case's conditions and the data that the surgeon may gather by examining the inner side of the uterus and simultaneous medical tests like biopsy. In certain circumstances, surgical removal of uterine fibroids may be advised, while non-invasive choices such as medication would be used in others. In cases of infertility problems, surgeons usually go with surgeries that belong to another phase called operative hysteroscopy. In this case, the following information may be helpful:
- During the operative phase, special tools are passed through the hysteroscopy tube;
- Surgery Candidates may be asked to take particular drugs before the treatment;
- The doctor would prescribe the patient medications like antibiotics and estrogen to minimize the risk of infections after surgery;
- Vaginal bleedings after the surgery are expected, but the doctor should be noticed if it continues.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a modern way of diagnosing and treating problems related to women's reproductive system; candidates that undergo this treatment benefit from various factors. Patients undergoing this kind of treatment usually do not need to stay in the hospital for more than 5 hours; they pass the recovery time quickly, take a limited amount of medications, and have fewer risks than those who experience open surgery. Still, there are some related risks like:
- Potential infections that can be controlled by taking antibiotics;
- Risks and side effects related to receiving anesthesia drugs;
- Minimal injuries of inner tissues and organs;
- Limited bleeding and blood loss.
What Is Laparoscopy?
In contrast to hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery. This method is performed with fiber-optic tubes with a unique camera called laparoscopes in medical terms. In every surgery of this kind, a number of tiny cuts (two or more) are required on the stomach for inserting these tools. It is good to remember that before inserting laparoscopes, surgeons utilize professional techniques for protecting patients from any possible discomfort. One such strategy is to use carbon dioxide or nitrous to inflate the abdomen and drift vital organs out of the surgical location.
After that, the laparoscope will the inserted to help your doctor manually scan the pelvic cavity and reproductive organs. This process takes less than 1 hour, and during this time, various factors and spots will be examined. In cases of infertility, surgeons may be concerned about:
- Uterine and ovarian abnormalities;
- Blockage of the fallopian tubes;
- Harmed tissues by scars;
- Cancerous fibroids;
Once the surgeon has examined the relevant body parts, he may go for operative laparoscopy by using surgical tools and employing different methods; so some cases may undergo laparoscopy without any surgical phase as they do not require it. Still, we shouldn't forget that this is a professional choice
How is laparoscopy used in treating infertility?
During infertility treatment in Iran, candidates will be examined by various medical tests and procedures. Laparoscopy might be necessary if these data sources could not help the doctors with a definitive diagnosis. So the main reason for suggesting a laparoscopy and biopsy of suspicious growths for ladies is unexplained infertility.
Nevertheless, you should not forget that this process has its own risks, like:
- Expected swellings;
- Different types of allergic reactions;
- Damage to the nerves;
- Clots of blood
All in all, risk and discomforts during this treatment is minimal, and the parents should rely on laparoscopy for having their biological child; otherwise, they may need to go for other possible solutions like IVF in Iran.