Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment
Diabetic retinopathy includes all the damages risking the eye care due to diabetic disease. In fact, the excess sugar in the blood damages the retinal vessels in the long term. After 15 years of disease progression, more than 50% of diabetic patients will present with diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatments
For patients with diabetes, the doctor always suggests regular exercising and a healthy and restricted diet. Not following the doctor’s orders, eventually can lead to many diseases that endanger eye care. Eyecare is vital for patients with diabetes and therefore regular checkup with the ophthalmologist is a must.
Diabetic retinopathy treatments vary according to the patient’s condition. If the damage is recognized at the early stages, it can be treated with some medicine injections; otherwise, eye surgery or even a Vitrectomy is mandatory.
Diabetic retinopathy treatments include:
- Anti-VEGF injections which control new blood vessels growth
- Laser intervention is recommended to stabilize the condition of the blood vessels in the eye. The laser will destroy the damaged vessels, which limits the risk of another vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment
- In the event that diabetic retinopathy has reached the vitreous, it can be treated by vitrectomy. It is a surgical operation during which the vitreous body having been damaged will be replaced.
Some symptoms of diabetic retinopathy
- Blurred vision
- seeing black floating lines
- Difficulty going from darkness to light,
- difficulty deciphering letters
When diabetic retinopathy begins to develop, it does not present any particular symptoms for the affected person, whose sight initially remains correct. On the other hand, when the disease reaches an advanced stage and affects the retina, the symptoms are then very noticeable and manifest as severe vision disturbances, leading to complete loss of sight, if left untreated.
Therefore, it is obligatory for patients with diabetes, type one or two, to have their annual eye checkup.
Diabetes endangers your eye care
Diabetic retinopathy occurs gradually and latently. In fact, it progresses along with diabetes. But sometimes diabetic retinopathy can progress more quickly, depending on the stages of our lives when the disease first appears. Pregnancy, puberty, high blood pressure, smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity, for instance, will influence the course of the disorder. You should know that people with diabetes are two to five times more likely to develop eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and hence diabetic retinopathy.