The human body must consume a variety of substances every day to improve its performance. This necessity will be more important when individuals are in particular situations, and pregnancy is one of the crucial ones. Nutritionists always offer different types of pregnancy supplements and special diets to consider during this period. It is suitable for every pregnant lady or even future mom to learn more about minerals and vitamins during pregnancy and other important related topics such as prohibited eating habits.
What Are Minerals And Vitamins?
Protein, fat, carbs, vitamins, and minerals are essential for every person to regulate their body routines. The point is that some of these nutrients are not produced by the body and must be obtained through healthy eating habits or supplements. This is why having different kinds of vitamins and minerals are discussed.
It is also good to know that Vitamins are necessary compounds generated by living creatures like plants and animals. On the other hand, Minerals are inorganic elements that are essential for living beings and can be found in soil and water. Here are some critical functions of them in the human body:
- Fast healing of injuries;
- Aid to fight diseases caused by bacteria and viruses;
- Build a stronger body by improving bones and muscles;
- Increase body’s energy levels.
Pregnancy And Nutritional Supplements
Every woman should consider different healthy habits to provide a wholesome situation for herself and her baby. A part of this goal will be reached by taking correct pregnancy supplements under the eye of a professional. Specialists in the first step offer several medical tests and, based on their results, suggest unique vitamins and medicines, to prevent any potential risk during this time. While consulting a doctor about the best pregnancy vitamins is recommended for everybody, this argument does not reduce the importance of discussing good supplements for raising a healthy kid in this essay.
Some supplements are designed based on the need of pregnant ladies, Iranian surrogates or other ones around the world, and even future moms to provide their bodies with vitamins and minerals. These products are categorized as pregnancy supplements or Prenatal vitamins. It is good to know that nutritionists usually suggest taking these pills just when you decide to prepare for pregnancy. This will help you provide all the necessary substances for yourself and your baby because the baby gets everything from the mom’s body.
Essential Substances During Pregnancy
As we’ve mentioned before, there are differences between regular supplements and pregnancy supplements based on issues like the body's needs and the necessary amount to consume. It is also good to know which kinds of vitamins and minerals are desired during pregnancy or even during remarkable medical care like infertility treatment in Iran. This will help us consider acquiring them from other sources like main meals, fruits, snacks, and vegetables.
During pregnancy, the body’s needs for protein, Folate, Iodine, Iron, calcium, folic acid, Docosahexaenoic acid, and Vitamins B12 and D are raised. These nutritions are involved in differentiated processes in the body and have their own functions. The rest of this article will discuss the crucial characteristics of these substances. But before moving on from general topics, you should consider every particular condition about yourself that affects taking supplements. If you are vegetarian or have any food allergies, you should tell the doctor to rely on certain pregnancy supplements and prevent any discomfort.
Folic Acid And Its Functions
Thanks to Folic Acid, a type of B vitamin, The risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) and other possible congenital disabilities is as low as possible. According to additional studies, this substance also affects heart development and prevents cleft lip (a problem related to the baby’s mouth). Please take into account the following suggestions for using Folic Acid:
- Taking a pill containing 400 Mcg of Folic Acid every day is a reasonable dose;
- Consult a doctor if you’re at the risk of having a baby with NTD;
- do not surpass the advised amount unless under a specialist’s supervision.
It is good to know that Citrus fruits, legumes, green leafy vegetables, and some other foods are all-natural sources of Folic Acid and it’s a good idea to include them in your diet. Also, beware of taking two or more pills at the same time; it is better if you prepare every supplement for a particular time.
Iron And Its Functions
Iron has a particular place among different kinds of minerals because of its crucial functions. It is needed almost twice as usual during pregnancy, so this substance is vital for pregnancy too. Doctors and nursing teams always provide Iron supplements for cases undergoing special procedures like IVF in Iran. Iron functions are varied; here are some important ones:
- It is needed to make crucial proteins like Hemoglobin that plays the role of carrying oxygen around the body from the lungs;
- It is used to prevent the deficiency of blood in the mother and baby;
- It is crucial to prevent different types of Infections and Anemia;
- The lack of this substance may lead to fatigue and exhaustion
- It also prevents Low birth weight and Premature birth.
A recommended dose of Iron is 27 Mg per day. Remember that Iron is also found in various foods like seafood, poultry meat, and lean meat. So Schedule to take a part of your advised amount from foods. It's worth mentioning that some snacks and drinks, such as calcium, coffee, or other coffee-based drinks, tea, or soybeans, can interfere with iron absorption, so give it at least two hours before consuming them.
Calcium And Its Functions
Like Iron, Calcium is another mineral that plays a vital role in all pregnancy supplements. The crucial function of this substance is to stimulate the bones, teeth, muscles, and heart growth and also has a direct effect on developing the nervous system. Consider the tips below for supplying your Calcium need during pregnancy or even for Iranian surrogates.
- An intake of 1000 Mg every day is reasonable;
- Taking calcium pills with main meals is suggested;
- Do not take your calcium supplement with a high fiber meal or snack;
- It is better if natural resources like dairy products provide a part of your need.
Vitamin D And Its Functions
Unlike previous substances, vitamin D is not a mineral, but this fact does not put this nutrition on the end of the priority list. Vitamin D is one of the few nutrients that can be obtained in a non-food form. In this case, you need to take sunbathe and let sunlight touch your skin. All in all, the tips below will help you learn more about this substance and its function during pregnancy:
- The daily need for this vitamin is 600 international units or IU;
- Vitamin D has a crucial role in absorbing Calcium;
- It regulates the function of vital organs such as the brain system, immune system, and muscles and protects them from infections;
- It can be obtained from different sources like oily fish and red meat;
- It has a direct effect on teeth growth.