Disc Hernia Surgery


Disc Hernia Surgery can be the only option for many who have been suffering from neck, back, and leg pain due to compressed nerves. Principally, a herniated disc is characterized by degeneration of the spinal disc, which results in putting too much pressure on the nerve and/or spinal cord (cervical herniation). Surgery is only considered if medical treatment is insufficient to relieve the pain or in case of aggravated Sciatic nerve injury.


The surgery

During the operation, via a mini anterior cervical approach, the neurosurgeon removes the intervertebral disc. Then, using an operating microscope, they would remove the pressure on the nerves, the part of the disc, or the whole disc. At the end of the operation, once the neurological release has been obtained, if needed, they replace the disc with a prosthetic implant. 


Post-operative care

After a disc hernia surgery, at least one night of hospitalization is recommended.  However, the patient can get up the same day. The rehabilitation period is vital after a disc hernia surgery. There would be several physiotherapy sessions and the sports activities must be postponed, depending on the patient’s case, from one to several months.  



ü  After a disc hernia surgery, the leg pain disappears completely or is very much lessened. The longer the herniated disc has crushed the nerve, the longer it takes for the pain to go away. 

ü  Lower back pain is not due to the herniated disc, so it will not be relieved, especially if it is old. However, pain like a stab on the side of the spine and the side of the hernia most often improves.

ü  Neurological recovery from abnormalities insensitivity or loss of strength takes 12 to 18 months to recover.

ü  Fighting a sedentary lifestyle decreases the risk of recurrent herniated discs, such as avoiding smoking and controlling your weight. Nevertheless, sometimes, in 5% of the cases, there might be a recurrence.


Recovery after surgery depends on the individual's physical condition, the extent of the disease, and the complexity of the operation. For a simple lumbar disc herniation, recovery is a few days. For patients with extensive bone pathology, scar tissue on several levels of the spine and lean vertebrae takes several weeks to fully heal. However, most patients return to light work within 2-3 weeks and complete their duties within 6 weeks.

Like any other surgery, endoscopic spine surgery carries risks. However, these risks are very rare. They include infections, bleeding, nerve and spinal cord injuries, and lack of pain relief.

You will need someone during the day and night of the surgery. You also need someone to take you to the destination for surgery.

You must be in Iran for about 2 to 3 weeks to have a disc herniation surgery and be able to return home. During this time, an assistant will support you.