Plastic Surgery Before And After

Plastic Surgery Before And After

What Is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery is a specialty of surgery that involves the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It is often assumed that the word plastic in plastic surgery means artificial. It derives from the ancient Greek word plastikos, which means to mold or shape. The field can be divided into two categories: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. While cosmetic surgery enhances one's appearance, reconstructive surgery rebuilds or improves one's functions. As we begin this article, we will discuss some routine facts you should know before plastic surgery before dividing the whole process into three steps before, during, and after the surgery. Later in the central part of this passage, we would read some entertaining quotesexciting from celebrities before and after their plastic surgery.

In plastic surgery, both function and appearance are restored and improved. Any part of the anatomy, except the central nervous system, can be operated on, including:

    Skin conditions, such as skin cancer, scarring, burns, birthmarks, and tattoo removal

     The maxillofacial skeleton (the face)

    Congenital anomalies, such as cleft palates, cleft lips, and deformed ears

In addition, we will see at the end some before and after photos of celebrities who have undergone plastic surgery.

Types Of Plastic Surgery

Plastic Reconstructive Surgery

In plastic surgery, the goal is to restore skin function and appearance and reconstruct missing or damaged tissue. The purpose of reconstructive surgery is to correct abnormal structures in the body, such as those caused by:



    Developmental abnormalities



    The presence of birthmarks, webbed fingers, or cleft lips and palates from birth

    Indications of cancerous tissue removal, such as lesions on the face or in the breast

    Burns or other severe injuries

    Breast reconstruction (in mastectomy patients, for example)

    Scar revision surgery

    Lower extremity reconstruction

    Hand surgery

The procedure is usually done for improving function, but it can also be used to alter appearance.

Plastic Cosmetic Surgery

Most commonly, plastic surgery refers to cosmetic procedures aimed at enhancing a person's appearance. These procedures are designed to improve an individual's self-esteem and confidence. Cosmetic surgery may be carried out anywhere on the body. The primary goals of plastic cosmetic surgery are to enhance aesthetic appeal, symmetry, and proportion.

Plastic surgery involves the following as the most frequently performed procedures:

For the facial area:

    Cheek lift


    Chemical peeling

    Surgery on the chin

    Aesthetic dentistry


    Eyebrow/forehead rejuvenation (brow lift)

    Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery)


    Facial contouring

    Facial fillers

    Facial wrinkles

    Laser hair removal

    Laser resurfacing

    Neck lift

    Otoplasty (ear surgery)

    Rhinoplasty (nose surgery)

    Skin problems (spider veins, scar revisions, tattoo removal)

    Wrinkle treatment


For the body area:

    Abdomen reduction (tummy tuck)

     Arm lift


     Breast augmentation

     Breast lift

     Breast reduction surgery

     Buttock lift (belt lipectomy)

     Circumferential body lift

     Inner thigh lift

     Laser hair removal

    Tattoo removal

Why Is Plastic Surgery Done?

As plastic surgery can bring lasting, dramatic changes to your outward appearance, you must understand what these changes might mean for you on the inside.

Before thinking about visiting a plastic surgeon, analyze the reasons behind your desire to change your appearance.

There are some physical characteristics that can be successfully altered by plastic surgery, while others cannot.

Who Is a Good Candidate for Plastic Surgery?

    Be realistic about what can be accomplished.

    The need to understand the medical risks, the effects on the body during the recovery process, the lifestyle changes related to healing, and the expenses involved.

    Be in good health and have chronic conditions under control.

    Those who intend to have surgery should have no history of smoking and stop using nicotine and tobacco products, including nicotine patches, gums, and lozenges, for at least four to six weeks before the procedure.

    For specific procedures, you must have a stable weight for six to twelve months.

 Surgical Techniques Used in Plastic Surgery

There are many different techniques used to perform cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery procedures, including the following:

    Skin grafts

    Skin flap surgery

    Tissue expansion

    Endoscopic surgery

    Laser surgery

Plastic surgeons also use many other methods, including:

    Fat grafting or fat transfer

    Vacuum closure

    Camouflage make-up or cream

    Prosthetic devices, such as artificial limbs

Skin Grafts

In skin grafting, healthy skin from an area of the body that is unaffected is removed and used to repair or replace damaged skin. They are used for fractures of the bones that break the skin (open fractures), large wounds, or where part of the skin must be removed surgically - for example, due to cancer or burns.

Skin Flap Surgery

In flap surgery, a piece of healthy tissue is transplanted from one body part to another, along with the blood vessels that keep it alive; the healthy tissue usually remains partially attached to the body after repositioning.

Breast reconstruction, open fractures, large wounds, and improvements to a cleft lip or palate can all be addressed with this surgery.

A free flap is used to reconstruct more complex structures. The blood vessels supplying a piece of skin are disconnected from the original blood supply and then reconnected at a new location. Using microsurgery (surgery performed under a microscope), the tiny blood vessels are connected at the new site. Free flaps are used when a large area of a specific tissue type needs to be reconstructed. The operation could be performed under general or local anesthesia according to where and how large the flap is.

Because flap surgery allows the blood supply to the repaired area to be preserved, there is a lower risk of a repair failing compared with a skin graft.

Tissue Expansion

In tissue expansion, the body is encouraged to "grow" extra skin by stretching the surrounding tissue. Afterward, this extra skin can be used to help reconstruct the surrounding area. Among the many applications for tissue expansion, there is breast reconstruction and the repair of large wounds.

An expander, which looks like a balloon, is placed under the skin near the damaged area under general anesthesia. Saltwater gradually fills this space, causing the skin to stretch and grow. Depending on the size of the area to be repaired, the time it takes for the tissue to expand may vary.

Depending on the size of the affected area, it may take up to 3 or 4 months for the skin to grow back. In this period, the expander will cause a bulge in the skin.mThe new tissue must be repositioned after the skin has expanded sufficiently. It ensures that the repaired skin is similar in color and texture to the surrounding area. The skin's blood supply remains intact, so there is less risk of the repair failing.

Endoscopic Surgery

The procedure is performed with an endoscope, a long, tubular instrument with a camera, and a bright light that is inserted through a small opening. As the surgeon manipulates the endoscope inside the body, he watches images from the camera on a screen. Endoscopes are devices that aid surgeons during surgical procedures. During surgery, instruments are inserted into various incisions.

Laser Surgery

The use of lasers in plastic surgery often results in little bleeding, bruising, and scarring. Depending on where and for what reason the surgery is performed, many different types of lasers can be used. To find out what type of laser surgery would be appropriate for you, speak with your doctor/surgeon.

Before Plastic Surgery

Your surgeon will explain how plastic surgery can change your body and what to expect during your consultation. This is an opportunity for you to describe your surgical goals. It will help you make the right decision if you understand the options and the outcomes you might expect.

The procedure will be explained to you, along with the benefits, potential complications, risks, and alternatives. If more processes are required for better results, your doctor might suggest them.

Asymmetry will be discussed. Human bodies are asymmetrical; one side looks different from the other. This is explained to the patients by the surgeon so that they can fully appreciate the changes cosmetic surgery may bring.

In addition, the surgeon will discuss the concept of balance - how changing one part of the body can impact the overall appearance and how additional procedures can improve that balance.

During Plastic Surgery

Surgical procedures under general anesthesia or intravenous (IV) sedation are performed in a hospital under the care of an anesthesiologist/nurse anesthetist team. Several procedures, such as injecting facial fillers, are performed in outpatient settings or physicians' offices under local anesthesia. One more meeting will take place before surgery so the surgeon can answer any questions you have.

After Plastic Surgery

The following information will be provided to you before you have outpatient surgery or before leaving the hospital:

    Post-operative instructions specific to your procedure

    Prescriptions and instructions for pain medications and antibiotics

    Contact information if you have questions


However, informed and prepared, you may still be surprised at how long the swelling and bruising last following cosmetic surgery. It may take up to three or four weeks for bruising and swelling to subside.

It is essential to aim for improvement rather than perfection. Everyone will have a different outcome. Remember:

    Swelling and bruising are temporary. Surgical scars are permanent.

    Most cosmetic surgeries require a minimum of six to twelve weeks of recovery. Still, recovery times vary by person and procedure.

It is possible that you will require a follow-up procedure.

Celebrities who have undergone plastic surgery: before and after photos

As a result of what we've learned in previous parts of this essay, we will have an even more vivid picture of what we'll discover in this part when celebrities talk about how a cosmetic surgery is done. You will see how well-known people undergo plastic surgery and their attitudes as they undergo these procedures in the upcoming section of this passage. 

Angelina Jolie

She explained her decision to undergo reconstructive surgery and a preventative double mastectomy in a groundbreaking New York Times op-ed piece. "Nine weeks later, the final surgery is completed with the reconstruction of the breasts with an implant. There have been many advances in this procedure in the last few years, and the results can be beautiful," she wrote.

Cardi B

She admits that she received injectables in her butt as well as a breast augmentation. "In order to get lipo, where they put the fat transfer in your butt, and it gets bigger, you need to have fat. I did not have any type of fat," she told Vlad TV. "But I was desperate to have a bigger butt."

Megan Fox

Allure magazine reported that Megan Fox had lip injections in 2010, to which she responded: "I will say for people who question the authenticity of my lips, you can clearly see that my lips are my lips."

Kylie Jenner

She admitted she used fillers to make her pout plump in July 2016. In an interview with Allure, Jenner was asked if she regretted any of her beauty choices, "Well, I definitely made my lips a little too big at one point." Jenner continued, "I got excited and felt like I needed to do a lot. And then you guys were like, 'Kylie, you need to chill.' And then I had to go back and have it fixed, and it was a crazy process. Thank God I didn't end up on Botched."

Robin Wright

Robin Wright isn't ashamed to admit that she loves Botox. "Everybody just does it," she told the Telegraph in 2014. "I suppose I can't say 'everybody' because I don't know for sure, but come on. It's just the tiniest sprinkle of Botox twice a year. I think most women do ten units, but that freezes the face, and you can't move it. This is just one unit, and it's just sprinkled here and there to take the edge off... Perhaps it's not wise to put that in a magazine? But I ain't hiding anything."

Kelly Rowland

Getting a breast enhancement was an important decision for Rowland. "I wanted to get breast implants when I was 18, but my mom and Beyoncé's mom told me to really think about it before I did," the Destiny's Child singer told Shape magazine in 2013. "I took their advice and waited ten years." Once she had decided, she proceeded cautiously. "Once I felt ready, I tried on padded bras and walked around in them to see how it would feel," she added. "You have to know what you're getting, no matter what type of surgery it is."

Lisa Kudrow

She described her 16-year old rhinoplasty as "life-altering" in a 2013 interview with The Saturday Evening Post. "I went from, in my mind, hideous to not hideous. I did it the summer before going to a new high school," she said. "So there were plenty of people who wouldn't know how hideous I looked before. That was a good, good, good change."

Katy Perry

To fill the hollows under my eyes, I have had laser treatments and fillers injected under my eyes, which I would recommend to anyone seeking a solution to their dark circles.

Gwyneth Paltrow

Gwyneth Paltrow may be known for her 'clean beauty' empire Goop, but that does not mean she has never had Botox or laser treatments.