Calf reduction as its name suggests is a medical intervention that permanently contours and shapes the lower legs. Many people have large calves and thick ankles that are unsightly, compared to the rest of the body. Some people also may have calves’ skin that has lost its elasticity and therefore is sagging. This cosmetic surgery, therefore, gives the legs and specifically the calves a more harmonious and curved shape.The surgical options might include calf liposuction and partial calf resection.
Candidates for Calf reduction by liposuction
People who wish to benefit from this plastic surgery normally feel uncomfortable about their calves’ shape due to excess fat on these spots. Generally, most of the excess fat in the body can be naturally dissolved by dieting or physical exercise. However, in many cases, these solutions would not be useful and consequently, the only solution would be surgical.
Calf reduction by Liposuction
Liposuction can be performed on almost all parts of the body with excess fat, including the face and neck. However, a calf reduction intervention in Iran that uses the liposuction technique, is a much more artistic intervention. The reason for this is that the final shape of the calves must be totally harmonious, therefore the plastic surgeon must have adequate experience in calf reduction intervention.
Nonetheless, liposuction is a reliable and low-risk technique that plastic surgeons around the world apply to remove fatty deposits. This cosmetic surgery will last from one to three hours and under local anesthesia. The liposuction technique includes using a steel tube (cannulas) that makes very fine incisions, 1 to 3 millimeters, and pulls out the excess fat via a suction system. As the incisions are very small, the scars according will be tiny, barely visible, and mostly disappear over time.
Calf reduction by Liposuction outcome
Like almost all other plastic surgeries, the result of this surgery as well should not be judged sooner than three to six months. Having said that, the spectacular change in the calves’ shape is visible right after the surgery but as there is edema and bruising the outcome will be revealed during the next few months.
Calf resection by partial removal of the calf muscles:
In some patients, the primary reason behind the bulkiness of calves is not the excess fat, but the shape of the muscles themselves. In these cases, the best option might be the partial removal of the muscles causing the bulkiness and definition in the calves, which allows the surgeon to sculpt the calves in their whole.
Looking at the calf anatomy, it can be seen that it consists of three main muscles, namely the lateral gastrocnemius, the medial gastrocnemius, and the soleus. The plastic surgeon performs surgery upon removing muscle fibers from gastrocnemii to reach a slenderer look. Given that the tissues are removed from the muscle, this approach has permanent results.
In this method, the plastic surgeon makes a tiny incision behind the knee (the mean reduction includes 2cm in circumference) and performs the whole operation from there. This incision will be well hidden after the surgery and will leave no visible marks on the patient’s skin. This operation takes place under general anesthesia and typically takes 2-3 hours.
Calf resection outcome:
Although more invasive, this method generally allows the patient to leave the hospital a day after the surgery. The recovery usually takes up to six weeks, and although the results are noticeable right after the surgery, they are expected to show themselves best within this time. The potential side effects of this method include bruising, swelling, pain, and difficulty walking during the recovery time.