Bunion surgery

Bunion surgery (Hallux Valgus) is the only treatment possible to cure the deformity of the big toe and forefoot. The hallux is the first toe, also called the big toe. A hallux is said to be valgus if it tends to deviate towards the external part of the foot, (and in some rare cases is deviated inward), which will get painful overtime. Furthermore, if not treated on time hallux valgus can extend over the entire foot, or even the lower limb, with phenomena of cramps or functional overload in the joints (knee, hip, back) which work in poor conditions. This condition preferentially affects women of all ages.


Different Types of Hallux Valgus

The inconveniences caused by this condition are variable and evolve over time. In fact, the clinical cases encountered range from simple and isolated Hallux Valgus to significant and total deformation of the forefoot associating with a Hallux Valgus Major pathologies of the lateral rays, such as claw toes, metatarsalgia, Quintus Varus, etc.  


The Bunion Surgery procedure

Different techniques are available to the orthopedic surgeon, but percutaneous surgery remains a technique of choice when all the indications are met. The intervention on Hallux Valgus lasts 15 to 30 minutes. It is best performed under local anesthesia with mini incisions around the big toe. It is most often an outpatient hospitalization (the patient enters the clinic on the day of the operation and returns to their home at the end of the afternoon). The postoperative pain is very weak, often absent thanks to the effect of local anesthetics, which continue to act in the hours following the operation. Immediate walking is authorized under the cover of medical heel-resting shoes. The surgeon redoes the dressing 15 days after the operation. At 4 weeks, a usual shoe can be resumed. The surgeon recommends in the majority of cases to perform surgery on one foot at a time so that the postoperative effects would be simpler.


Ankle or bunion surgery is performed to remove the protrusion of the big toe. In this condition, the big toe, instead of being straight, gradually moves to the second toe, creating a large hump next to the big toe.

Recovery time after bunion surgery can take from 6 weeks to 6 months, depending on the severity of the bunion. Full recovery may take up to 1 year. The amount of pain after bunion surgery varies in different patients. Most patients feel uncomfortable for 3 to 5 days. Pain can be controlled with prescribed medications. Many activities can be started again in about 6-8 weeks.

Suture removal is usually done in 14 to 21 days. If the surgeon uses pins that come off the pins, the pins may be removed within 4-6 weeks.

Your surgeon will advise you to get enough rest after surgery, place ice on the surgical site, and lift your legs. Frostbite and altitude reduce inflammation, which in turn can minimize pain.

There is always the possibility of re-growth of the bunion after surgery. Some risk factors lead to the risk of bunion regrowth: Improper surgery may be the reason for bunion regrowth after surgery. Tight and inappropriate shoes can deform the bunions.