ACL and PCL Reconstruction Surgery


ACL and PCL reconstruction surgery is a surgical technique to reconstruct the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament. The ligament is located in the center of the knee joint and therefore its rupture (due to an accident or an orthopedic disease) is very common among all ages and especially athletes. After the ligament rupture, the joint naturally becomes unstable and in many cases painful.


The surgery

Once the cruciate ligament is ruptured, it is not possible to suture it. A transplant is then used, which can replace the ACL or PCL. The operation is minimally invasive.

This surgical intervention is performed under arthroscopic control, general anesthesia, and in general, there would be a three-day hospitalization.

The operation lasts about 45 minutes. After the ACL/PCL surgery, support is authorized with a special splint to limit flexion or extra movement. Indeed, at the beginning it is necessary to protect the transplant, which will take time to integrate.


Post-operative care after an ACL and PCL Reconstruction Surgery

The rehabilitation period plays an important role in the final result of this orthopedic surgery. It is recommended that after an ACL/PCL reconstruction surgery the patient benefits from a 15 to 21 stay in a rehabilitation center. Accordingly, the patient has to follow quite a few physiotherapy sessions and do some of the practices on their own. Furthermore, the patient shall postpone any sport that puts pressure on the knee such as American football or rugby for a few months. The resumption of professional activities will depend on work in general between the 1st month and the 3rd month. 


Surgery time is about an hour. After surgery, the patient uses a knee brace for about a week. He then removes the brace and walks with or without a cane and must begin certain exercises to rehabilitate the knee.

Performing special exercises for knee joint movement after surgery is one of the most important parts of treatment. If these exercises are not done properly, the surgery may not work well. With these exercises, the range of motion of the knee returns to normal and the strength of the muscles around it is strengthened.

The risk of complications in cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery is very low and if done correctly, it is about 90% successful. However, cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, like any other surgery, can have potential complications. The most important of these complications are: infection at the surgical site or blood clots in the deep veins of the leg.

You can return to exercise when you do not have pain or swelling in your knee and your knee range of motion, thigh muscle strength, and ability to coordinate between muscles return to normal.